Republic Day is a national holiday in India, celebrated annually on January 26th to commemorate the country’s Constitution coming into effect on that day in 1950. The Constitution of India replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India and it came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a majority of 184 votes in favor and none against it in the Constituent Assembly.
The Constitution of India, which is the longest-written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into effect on 26th January 1950. The Constitution of India lays down the framework of fundamental political principles, procedures, practices, and powers of the government. It also lays down the rights, duties, and responsibilities of the citizens of India.
The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, a grand parade is held which is attended by dignitaries from all over the world, along with the general public. The parade starts from the Rashtrapati Bhavan and proceeds towards the India Gate. It is a display of India’s cultural and military heritage.
The parade features various floats representing different states of India and their cultural heritage. The parade also includes a display of missiles, tanks, and other military hardware. The highlight of the parade is the display of diverse cultural and social traditions of different states of the country. The floats showcase the rich cultural heritage of the states, including their art, dance, music, and handicrafts.
The President of India unfurls the national flag and the national anthem is played. 21 gun salutes are fired in honor of the occasion. The parade ends with a display of fireworks.
Apart from the parade, various cultural programs are also organized in schools and colleges across the country to mark the occasion. People also participate in patriotic rallies and competitions. These cultural programs and competitions aim to foster a sense of national unity and pride among the citizens of India.
One of the most important aspects of the Republic Day celebration is the display of India’s military might and capabilities. The parade features a display of various military hardware and equipment, including tanks, missile launchers, and aircraft. The armed forces also participate in the parade, showcasing their drill and marching skills. The parade is a symbol of the country’s strength and readiness to defend itself against any potential threat.
In addition to the parade, the President of India also gives the “Presidential Award for Child Welfare” on the occasion of Republic Day. The award is given to individuals and organizations that have made significant contributions to the field of child welfare.
The celebration of Republic Day is not just limited to the national capital. The day is celebrated across the country with great enthusiasm and patriotic fervor. Each state has its own unique way of celebrating the day. In some states, the day is marked by patriotic rallies and parades, while in others, cultural programs and competitions are organized.
In conclusion, Republic Day is an important national holiday in India, celebrated to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India and the establishment of India as a republic. It is a day of national pride and a celebration of the country’s cultural diversity. The day is marked by a grand parade in the national capital, and cultural programs and competitions across the country. The parade is a symbol of the country’s military strength and readiness to defend itself against any potential threat. The day also serves as a reminder of the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens of India as laid down in the Constitution of India. As a country, we must strive to uphold the principles and values laid down in the Constitution and work towards building a stronger and more united India.
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